1. Relevant policy framework
a. Energy Efficiency Law (Law No: 5627) amended in 2007
The purpose of this Law (1) is to increase efficiency in using energy sources by avoiding waste, easing the burden of energy costs on the economy and protecting the environment. This law covers principles and procedures applicable to increasing and promoting energy efficiency in the energy generation, transmission, distribution and consumption phases at industrial establishments, buildings, power generation plants, transmission and distribution networks and transport. It also raises energy awareness in the general public.
b. National Renewable Energy Action Plan
Turkey’s national Renewable Energy Action Plan (REAP) presented under Directive 2009/28/ EC is the establishment of strategies to promote the development of renewable energy in Turkey. Some of the strategies relevant with solar heating and cooling are:
• Ensure technological and industrial development based on the installation of a higher renewable energy capacity by 2023,
• Plan use of renewable energy resources taking into consideration the impact of climate change and sustainability to the ecosystem, orienting plans toward the mitigation of climate change,
• Develop an appropriate framework to promote the penetration of distributed generation based on renewable energies and the usage of renewable energy in buildings.
c. National Energy Efficiency Strategy Paper of 2012-2023
The Turkish Government has a strong commitment to energy efficiency. This document (2) presents strategic guidelines and actions for creating energy efficiency in the building, transportation and industrial sectors in Turkey. It plans to enhance energy efficiency, preventing unconscious use and dissipation, and decreasing energy density either within the sectorial base or at the macro level. These guidelines form important components of the Turkish national energy policy, in all its stages from energy production and transmission to final consumption.
d. National Energy Efficiency Action Plan
It is still under development. Please see the latest version in the link given below:
National Energy Efficiency Action Plan of Turkey-Draft 7 (in Turkish), www.eie.gov.tr/duyurular_haberler/document/UEVEP_TASLAK.pdf
2. Relevant grants/incentives by public/private institutions:
a. Incentives Provided by the Small and Medium Industry Development and Support Administration (KOSGEB):
A subsidy program has been prepared to provide KOSGEB’s support for the training, study and consultancy services to be received by SMEs regarding energy efficiency (pursuant to the Energy Efficiency Law No. 5627 and within the framework of the by-law on KOSGEB Subsidies).
b. Incentives Provided by Turkish Scientific and Technical Research Institute (TÜBITAK):
The Environment, Atmosphere, Ground and Sea Sciences Research Group (ÇAYDAG) and the Basic Sciences Research Group (TBAG) under TÜBITAK provide support on sustainable production within the framework of various support programs. These programs include; the Program for Supporting
Scientific and Technologic Research Projects, Fast Support Program, Program for Supporting the Research and Development Projects of Public Agencies, Patent Application Incentive and Subsidy Program, Universal Researcher Program, Program for Participation in International Scientific Research Projects, Program for Supporting the Initiatives for Establishing Scientific and Technologic Cooperation Networks and Platforms and the National Young Researcher Career Development Program.
Furthermore, TÜBITAK’s Technology and Innovation Support Programs Department (TEYDEB) is executing support programs for increasing the research-technology development skills and innovation culture as well as competitive power. The rate of support can be increased by 20 percent for projects with environmental technology themes.
c. Incentives Provided by Technology Development Foundation of Turkey (TTGV):
TTGV provides repaid financing support for the R&D activities at technology development level, by which products with commercial value are developed. The support covers R&D projects in the fields of environment friendly products, sustainable production technologies, renewable energy, etc. The Environmental Supports financed by TTGV provide repayable funding support to the “implementation projects” of industrialists in the fields of environmental technologies, energy efficiency and renewable energy. In addition, TTGV provides support for both the technologic innovation projects in Turkey and the initiatives for the protection of ecology.
d. Incentives Provided by the Undersecretariat for Foreign Trade
Within the framework of the Program for Supporting Environmental Costs being executed by the Undersecretariat for Foreign Trade, the costs of companies for ISO 9000 series quality assurance system certificates, ISO 14000 environmental management system certificates, CE mark and other international quality and environmental certificates are covered by the Undersecretariat for Foreign Trade.
e. Incentives for Sustainable Production and Consumption under Legal Arrangement of Energy Efficiency Law No. 5627
Energy efficiency projects with a budget of maximum 500,000 TL and recovery period of maximum 5 years are subsidized at the rate of 20 percent, with maximum subsidy level of 100,000 TL per project. Industrial facilities can sign “voluntary agreement” with General Directorate of Renewable Energy (YEGM) by committing to reduce their energy intensities by minimum 10 percent within a period of 3 years. For the entities which fulfill their commitment, 20 percent (maximum 100,000 TL) of their energy expenditures in the year when the agreement is signed is subsidized. The energy efficiency projects to be implemented at industrial facilities (with investment size above the amount determined by the Council of Ministers) and cogeneration investments (depending on fuel and technology) are entitled to benefit from the incentives provided by the Under secretariat of Treasury.